How to Help Yourself

 There are many things that you can do to help yourself in an emergency. The different information below shows you various things you can do to make sure you are prepared and ready whenever an emergency may occur.

The Preparing for Emergencies Guide - What you need to know (PDF 1.8 MB) is also a helpful source of advice.

Be Prepared...

Family Emergency Plan

Prepare your family by creating a family Emergency Plan.

Discuss with them what you would do if family members are not home when a warning is issued. Additionally, your family plan should address the following:

Download a Guidance Leaflet for residents in emergencies including flooding, fire and severe weather (PDF 2.4 MB)

Preparing a Grab Bag

Have you ever been in an everyday situation where you had wished you brought something with you because it would have been useful?

In the event of an evacuation, there will be very little time to think about what you may need and it is therefore important to pre-empt the possibility of being evacuated and the conditions you will be exposed to.

We therefore encourage residents to make their own emergency grab bag which is prepared in advance, kept as near to the front door as possible and taken with you should the need arise. An example of what you may want to put in the bag is given below.

This list is not exhaustive and can be tailored to the individual's needs.

First Aid

Learning basic first aid techniques can help every day, not just in an emergency.

Taking a short amount of time to learn the basics now could help to save a life. The British Red Cross and St John Ambulance provide training in basic First Aid.

Hazard Impact

There are always some preventive steps we can take to lessen the impact of an emergency event occurring or to deal with the disruption that will arise.

Some of the actions individuals and organisations can take to ensure they are properly prepared are detailed below:

 Human Health
Find out about the steps you can take to reduce the risk of getting flu and help the spread of the virus.
For health services visit

Know what to look for; what are the key signs, and what to do in order to help guard against the risk of terrorism.

You can prepare your property for flooding by adapting the building to try to prevent flood water getting in and damaging walls, floors and contents.  You can also make improvements so that even if flood water gets into the building, it causes less damage and makes drying-out and cleaning faster and easier.
For flooding alerts visit visit and weather advice visit

Find out simple steps to protect you and your family from fire: