Frequently Asked Questions
Q. What is an emergency?
For the purpose of this website an emergency is defined under
the Civil Contingencies Act (2004) as:
An event or situation that threatens serious damage to:
- Human welfare.
- The environment.
- Security (effectively war or terrorism).
According to Emergency
Response and Recovery from Gov.uk, in order to constitute
an emergency, an event or situation must additionally require the
implementation of special arrangements by one or more category one
Q. What is a hazard?
A. A hazard is a phenomenon either natural or human-made
that has the potential to cause harm to society or
pose a threat to the normality of daily life.
Q. What is risk?
A. In the context of emergency preparedness, risks are
those hazards (i.e. non-malicious events such as flooding) or
threats which could adversely affect an organisation and its
ability to carry out its functions. Risk is
a function of the likelihood and impact of a given hazard or
threat. This reflects, on the one hand the possibility of an
emergency occurring which could adversely affect the community
(e.g. flooding or industrial accident). And on the other hand, the
extent to which the event impacts upon the community or an
organisation (e.g. disruption to power supply and damage to
Q. What is the National Risk Register?
National Risk Register provides details of the risk
displayed in the Risk Matrix and what actions are implemented to
mitigate their impacts.
Q. What is the Community Risk Register?
A. The West Mercia Community Risk Register has been created to
provide public information about hazards identified which could
potentially have an impact upon the West Mercia Police Force
The difference between the national and the Community Risk Register
is that the community is focused on the local issues in detail and
the national looks at the generic risk that affect the whole of the
The register has been published in response to the Civil
Contingencies Act 2004 on the West Mercia
This page was last reviewed 12 February 2014 at 7:53.
The page is next due for review 11 August 2015.